The history of the puzzle2018-08-02
Jigsaw puzzles have been around for 235 years. As early as 1760, France and Britain almost simultaneously had this popular and beneficial form of entertainment. Stick a picture to the cardboard and cut it into irregular small pieces. Initially these images were educational, either with essays suitable for young people to read or historical or geographic knowledge to the emerging bourgeoisie.
In 1762, during the reign of Louis XV in France, a salesman named Dima began to sell map puzzles and achieved little success. This kind of map puzzle requires rearrangement of the pieces, which is a very elegant entertainment. In the same year, in London, a printer named John Spearsbury also thought of a similar idea and invented a long-lasting jigsaw puzzle. He cleverly glued a map of England to the back of a very thin table and then cut the map into small pieces along the edges of the counties. This idea can bring huge wealth, but poor Spearsbury did not get the money. He only lived 29 years old and could not see the huge success of jigsaw puzzles. The real significance of his success is that he has opened two important markets for his invention: emerging middle-class consumers who are hungry for knowledge and status, and the harsh and demanding British schools of his time.
Spearsbury lives in an era where he understands maps as a gentleman's symbol. The big tourist activity pushed this puzzle to the peak. This is a grand event that details a complete Europe. From this perspective, jigsaw puzzles use puzzle pieces to carefully study the geography of Europe - countries, principalities, counties, cities, towns, rivers, and so on. Knowing the map at the time was as proud as having your own home page.
Of course, not everyone has a positive attitude towards the puzzle. The old-fashioned and social commentators have ridiculed the rich people for being too boring, and there is nothing else to do except to spread a pile of cardboard pieces on the table. After more than a decade, puzzle makers began to add historical themes to the puzzle. In 1787, an Englishman named William Dalton made a set of portraits of the King of England, including William the Conqueror and George III. Education and memory are also part of entertainment, because to successfully arrange all the pieces, you must know the correct order of these kings. However, the puzzle was just a game for the rich, and it was not popular. Hand-drawing, hand-coloring, and hand-cutting make the price of the puzzle very expensive, which is equivalent to the average worker's salary for one month.
In 1789, he witnessed the prelude of the French Revolution and the opening of modern Europe. It also witnessed the birth of modern puzzles in the hands of John Wallis. This imaginative British invented a brightly colored landscape puzzle. New puzzles need to be more focused and patient. The new puzzle announces the end of the sleek era of the exquisitely crafted but expensive Spiresbury puzzle. Wallis's remanufacturing technology quickly made his new puzzle a model of developing trade based on its original plates.
By the beginning of the 19th century, new mass production industrial techniques gave a clear form of puzzles. In the past, the bulky and cumbersome puzzle consisted of a smooth array of fragments, which were separated by a slight vibration. Around 1840, German and French jigsaw manufacturers used interlocking nippers to cut puzzles, and modern jigsaw puzzle fans were familiar with this form. They replaced softwood sheets with softwood, plywood and cardboard, which greatly reduced costs. The final low-cost puzzles were accepted by consumers at all levels, and they quickly set off a jigsaw puzzle among children, adults and seniors.
The puzzle soon became a well-developed entertainment product with a vast market, and consumers could buy puzzles anywhere. At this time, the puzzle is used not only for education and entertainment, but also for commercial advertising and political propaganda. The First World War (1914-1918) is a good example. On the cheap jigsaw puzzles, brave warriors fought hard for the king and the country. The puzzles were popular on both sides of the war and sold very well. Puzzles have become a way to get close to people's inner world, enter the home, and spread information. Puzzles and newspapers, radios and the upcoming first-generation TVs have become a simple and direct way of mass media. Should people be encouraged to travel by train? Many show majestic trains and happy tourists
The puzzle is here. Every new invention and trend - steamboats, airplanes, cars and the latest and most daring women's swimsuits - have appeared on the puzzle.
After the 1929 World Economic Crisis, the era of the Great Depression in North America was the culmination of the endless popularity of the puzzle. You can buy a 300-shard puzzle with just 25 cents at the nearest newsstand. You can forget your hard life and immerse yourself in the dream of putting together a happy day. The rich and famous are also indulging in this frenzy. In New York, two unemployed salesmen, John Henry and Frank Weir, made a lot of money with the original Spearsbury puzzle design. What is their secret? High quality reproduction of fine splints. Henry and Vail quickly established contacts with the Astor family, the Vanderbilt family, Bin Crosby and Marilyn Monroe, and the business was booming and the money was constant.